Chapter

Things Fall Apart, 2003–2008

Steven Hurst

in The United States and Iraq since 1979

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780748627677
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672103 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627677.003.0007
Things Fall Apart, 2003–2008

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The final chapter discusses how and why the Bush administration's grand ambitions turned to dust. Having taken no account of the existence, or lack of them, of the preconditions for democracy in Iraq, and having failed utterly to prepare for a prolonged occupation, the Bush administration's decision to invade precipitated chaos in Iraq. State collapse was followed by a descent into anarchy and escalating sectarian warfare that the USA and its allies were seemingly powerless to contain. After three years of failed policies a change of course in 2007–2008 did bring improvements, but at the end of George W. Bush's term of office Iraq remained a state perched on the brink of a return to sectarian warfare and America's position in the Persian Gulf remained as precarious and problematic as ever.

Keywords: George W. Bush; Dick Cheney; Donald Rumsfeld; Occupation; Insurgency; Iraqi Governing Council; Paul Bremer; The Surge; Malaki

Chapter.  16099 words. 

Subjects: US Politics

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