Chapter

The ‘rebirth of liberalism’

Rachel S. Turner

in Neo-Liberal Ideology

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9780748632688
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652792 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748632688.003.0003
The ‘rebirth of liberalism’

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This chapter examines the ideological context within which neoliberal ideology evolved in the twentieth century. It sets out the historical and ideological context that witnessed the ‘end of laissez-faire’ and the rise of a new political creed in the form of collectivism. The chapter goes on to explore the historical development of neo-liberal ideology in the post-war period: the founding of the Mont Pelerin Society and the growth of schools of thought and think-tanks that influenced the rise of neo-liberalism in this period. It argues that the rise of neo-liberalism was not simply a revival of classical liberal doctrines in the twentieth century, but was predominantly a movement of reaction to the collectivist threat facing liberalism.

Keywords: neoliberal ideology; collectivism; Mont Pelerin Society; neo-liberalism

Chapter.  13775 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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