Conclusions and Wider Perspectives

Matthew Holford and Keith Stringer

in Border Liberties and Loyalties

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780748632787
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651405 | DOI:
Conclusions and Wider Perspectives

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This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from. Each of the liberties considered in the preceding chapters had a distinct history contingent on disparities in their institutional status and a wide range of other variables. All were affected in some way by Anglo-Scottish warfare from 1296; but Tynedale and Redesdale, because of their frontier positions, were inevitably the most exposed to Border conflict. While the diverse experiences of individual liberties do require emphasis, their histories are not without shared themes and trends, and some wider conclusions and observations are warranted. These can be grouped under three general (and interrelated) topics: liberties and the ‘state’; liberties, lordship and local society; and liberties, identities and communities.

Keywords: liberties; Tynedale; Redesdale; Anglo-Scottish warfare; state; lordship; local society; identities; communities

Chapter.  9049 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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