The welfare state in Europe is commonly held to be under pressure. Some argue that globalisation, an ageing population and other factors, make the expansive welfare state of the post-war era, unaffordable in contemporary Europe. However, whether the welfare state has to be cut back due to inexorable economic and demographic pressures, is debated. We will examine these debates to ascertain whether social citizenship provision provided by the welfare state is in decline. We will also assess whether globalisation does necessitate retrenchment of the welfare state, or whether, other, factors, such as EMU and the process of European integration, play a role. Having done this we will be in a position to assess what any decline in social provision may mean for citizenship. Since T.H. Marshall, social rights have been seen as a vital element of citizenship. If social citizenship rights must be cut, what does this mean for citizenship? Again, different theories of citizenship have different answers to this question.
Keywords: Welfare State; Globalisation; Retrenchment; Social Citizenship
Chapter. 11031 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Political Theory
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