The Pinewoods and Human Use, 1600–1900<sup>*</sup>

T. C. Smout

in Exploring Environmental History

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780748635139
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651375 | DOI:
The Pinewoods and Human Use, 1600–1900*

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Native Scottish pinewoods have, in many cases, been deer forests, reserved for elite hunters, and they have all been wood pastures, used by the farmers' cattle, sheep, horses and goats. They have been a timber and fuel resource for local people, and the subject of exploitation by the external market. Only since the twentieth century have they been widely admired and visited by outsiders for their beauty, biodiversity and historic significance, though the roots of this admiration lie with the Victorians. Each one of these uses has left its mark on the woods, along with the underlying effects of climate. Each one has also varied in character and impact with the changing centuries.

Keywords: environmental history; Scottish pinewoods; Victorians; climate

Chapter.  6741 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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