Energy Rich, Energy Poor: Scotland, Ireland and Iceland, 1600–1800<sup>*</sup>

T. C. Smout

in Exploring Environmental History

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780748635139
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748651375 | DOI:
Energy Rich, Energy Poor: Scotland, Ireland and Iceland, 1600–1800*

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This chapter argues that pre-industrial Scotland and Ireland were energy rich, in that they had available to them extremely abundant supplies of usable energy, but that Iceland was energy poor. On the other hand, the energy wealth of Ireland and Scotland was often reduced by inescapable inefficiencies in utilisation. This meant that they were good places for many people to live, but not necessarily for many people to live well. It is convenient to divide the subject into three parts: agricultural energy, domestic fuel energy, and industrial energy.

Keywords: energy supply; energy utilization; agricultural energy; domestic fuel energy; industrial energy

Chapter.  10073 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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