Chapter

The Treaty of Union: Made in England

Edited by T.M. Devine

in Scotland and the Union 1707-2007

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780748635412
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672202 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635412.003.0004
The Treaty of Union: Made in England

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This chapter explores why England became the driving force for the Treaty of Union. The Board of Trade turned out to be the primary passage for carrying the antipathies of English diplomatic and colonial officials towards what they thought to be the rogue behaviour of the Scots. Scottish commercial networks were transformed from being regarded as important disruptors of trade to a new role as potential pillars of British Empire. Different means of coercive persuasion are then elaborated. The English ministry summoned its troops on the borders and across the North Channel in Ireland. Scottish commerce had been hit badly by strengthened Navigation Acts. The Union promptly came under threat before it even came into force. It gave Scotland free access to the largest commercial market. The fortunes of the Union have been umbilically connected to the British Empire.

Keywords: Treaty of Union; England; Board of Trade; British Empire; Scottish commerce; Navigation Acts

Chapter.  9097 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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