The Challenge of Nationalism

Edited by T.M. Devine

in Scotland and the Union 1707-2007

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780748635412
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748672202 | DOI:
The Challenge of Nationalism

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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This chapter deals with the nationalist challenge. Constitutional change for Scotland was firmly back on the political agenda of the Scottish National Party (SNP)'s historic victory and was due to the two great surges of support for the party in 1967–8 and again in 1973–4. The SNP's success appeared to be an efficient way of drawing attention to Scotland's problems. The effect of economic change on the fortunes of the SNP is then described. The Tory Party was rejected as the most effective challenge to the hegemony of Labour in Scotland. The electoral success of the SNP in 1974 meant that home rule remained at the top of the UK political agenda for the next several years. The campaign for home rule which had prevailed much of Scottish politics in the 1970s collapsed in acrimony, bitterness and disillusion.

Keywords: nationalist challenge; Scotland; Scottish National Party; economic change; Tory Party; electoral success; home rule; UK political agenda; Scottish politics

Chapter.  6220 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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