Chapter

Transforming Artemis: From the Goddess of the Outdoors to City Goddess

Jan N. Bremmer and Andrew Erskine

in The Gods of Ancient Greece

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780748637980
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748670758 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637980.003.0012
Transforming Artemis: From the Goddess of the Outdoors to City Goddess

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This chapter analyses the representation of the goddess Artemis in Archaic (Homer, Hesiod), Classical (tragedy) and Hellenistic literature, tracing and explaining the changes in the depiction of the goddess and in her role in Greek religious life. Whereas in Archaic and Classical literature she appears primarily as a goddess of uncivilized nature, Hellenistic poets - especially Callimachus - stress her position in city life and even portray her as a goddess of justice. Thus the nature of the goddess and her place in the Greek pantheon seem to change in the Hellenistic period, and this paper addresses the way in which these changes in cult are apparent in literature.

Keywords: Artemis; Goddesses; Callimachus; Homer; Hesiod; City; Tragedy; Justice

Chapter.  8475 words. 

Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World

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