Chapter

The Greek Gods in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century German and British Scholarship

Jan N. Bremmer and Andrew Erskine

in The Gods of Ancient Greece

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780748637980
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748670758 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748637980.003.0026
The Greek Gods in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century German and British Scholarship

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The late 19th and early 20th century is a landmark in the history of the study of the Greek gods. In this paper, I examine key models of interpretation of the Greek gods in Germany and Britain at this period with a focus on Apollo. On the German side, I examine the nature-mythological model of W.H. Roscher, the Sondergötter of H. Usener, and the Universal gods of E. Curtius. On the British side, I look at novel approaches inspired by anthropology and later sociology in the work of L.R. Farnell and J.E. Harrison. I am particularly interested in the ways in which interpretation reflected the values and the agendas of the interpreter and his/her times.

Keywords: Historiography; Apollo; Roscher; Usener; Curtius; Farnell; Harrison; Anthropology

Chapter.  9074 words. 

Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World

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