Chapter

Equality of Resources

Carl Knight

in Luck Egalitarianism

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780748638697
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652815 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638697.003.0001
Equality of Resources

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This chapter examines and extends Ronald Dworkin's ‘equality of resources’. Dworkin suggests that one might measure equality and advantage by use of the envy test, inequality and disadvantage being present wherever any individual favours another's bundle of resources rather than their own. The chapter argues that this captures some important parts of advantage, and that a responsibility-corrected form of the test is possible. This fails as an account of egalitarianism, however, as it cannot recognize inequalities in the circumstances of the hypothetical choice that is central to the envy test. Dworkin's favoured approach to distribution, which relies on hypothetical insurance markets, does not even get this far, because its notion of equalizing gives aggregative considerations a key role.

Keywords: equality of resources; Ronald Dworkin; envy test; egalitarianism; hypothetical choice

Chapter.  12821 words. 

Subjects: Political Theory

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