Chapter

Fleeing the Famine: Migration and Emigration

Karen J. Cullen

in Famine in Scotland - the 'Ill Years' of the 1690s

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print February 2010 | ISBN: 9780748638871
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653508 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638871.003.0007
Fleeing the Famine: Migration and Emigration

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This chapter focuses further on the elements of social dislocation identified in Chapters 4 and 5, and is divided into two main parts: internal movement and migration within Scotland, and emigration. Town council records and more particularly kirk session minutes are used to identify the movement of large numbers of people across the country seeking food and charity, and to establish how this impacted on various parishes and regions. A subsection of the chapter is devoted to Scottish emigration to Ulster, England and continental Europe in the 1690s, focusing on the way in which people were forced to leave their homes and parishes to seek a means of survival from the worst effects of the famine. Identification of the types of areas which people were leaving and those where they sought famine relief further helps to examine the regional and local impact of the famine crisis. However, consideration is also given to push and pull factors which encouraged population movement. Within Scotland increased population movement was a feature of better opportunities becoming available in some regions. This was particularly the case with emigration as improved prospects were available in Ulster during the mid 1690s which encouraged Scots to emigrate and settle there.

Keywords: internal movement; Scotland; emigration; Ulster; England; famine relief; population movement

Chapter.  14734 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Regional and Area Studies

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