The Structural Composition of Angloromani

Yaron Matras

in Romani in Britain

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780748639045
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671526 | DOI:
The Structural Composition of Angloromani

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This chapter discusses present-day Angloromani (AR). Words have activated associations of language use. The extent of random phonological variation is the most prominent structural feature of Angloromani vocabulary. Ad hoc phonological modification is sometimes applied in support of lexical differentiation. AR preserves internal, and in part inherited, Romani word formation procedures. Semantic extension is a means of internal lexical creativity. The characterisation of AR as a ‘mixed’ language usually takes for granted that grammatical operations are represented strictly by English structures. AR is generally characterised by the insertion of Romani-derived lexical items into an English grammatical framework, and of Romani grammatical inflection. Verbs are fully integrated into English inflection. The chapter notes a means of adding an in-group flavour to communication about the most basic everyday situations, and where necessary to maintain private, in-group communication when assessing basic states of affairs surrounding economic transactions with clients (who are invariably group-outsiders).

Keywords: language; Angloromani vocabulary; phonological variation; lexical differentiation; semantic extension; grammatical inflection; verbs; English grammatical framework

Chapter.  13239 words. 

Subjects: Sociolinguistics

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