<i>Fiqh</i> in Modern Europe: ‘Minority <i>Fiqh</i>’

H. A. Hellyer

in Muslims of Europe The ‘Other’ Europeans

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780748639472
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748671342 | DOI:
Fiqh in Modern Europe: ‘Minority Fiqh’

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The status of Muslim minorities living in the West has become the subject of much controversy recently. Issues of loyalty and treachery have dominated the political scene, while the media constantly questions if Muslim compliance to the shari'ah prevents their allegiance to the nation state. So how does the shari'ah apply to Muslims living as minorities in non-Muslim countries? This question gained increasing importance, perhaps due to the demographic growth of the Muslim population in Europe. However, the underlying reality is more complex. A large proportion of the Muslim population in the European Union is made up of immigrants or descendants of immigrants. In practice, Muslim immigrants are often similar to non-Muslim immigrants, moving from place to place for mundane and worldly concerns rather than spiritual ones, and, as a result, the queries above surrounding religion are not always applicable. This chapter discusses fiqh in contemporary Europe, examines secularism and the European context, and considers modern perspectives on classical fiqh.

Keywords: fiqh; Muslims; Europe; minorities; shari'ah; secularism; immigrants

Chapter.  7713 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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