Chapter

Governance and Development: A Case Study of Pakistan

Ishrat Husain

in Development Models in Muslim Contexts

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print September 2009 | ISBN: 9780748639687
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653171 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639687.003.0009
Governance and Development: A Case Study of Pakistan

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Theoretical and empirical evidence from the past two decades shows that socioeconomic development is affected by the quality of governance and its institutions. Traditional factors in production obviously contribute to the growth process, but the residual or total factor productivity incorporates not only technical change, but also organisational and institutional change. Well-functioning and healthy institutions not only affect the rate of economic growth but, moreover, the distribution. If governance structures and supporting institutions are healthy, then the distribution of benefits of growth will be equitable. This chapter argues that the process by which good economic policies and aggregate economic outcomes are translated into an equitable distribution of wealth and benefits involves the institutions of governance. This chapter addresses the following three questions: 1) Why is good governance significant for development?; 2) What are the critical success factors needed for achieving development and good governance?; and 3) What are the channels by which governance affects development? It then explores the case of governance and development in Pakistan in detail.

Keywords: socioeconomic development; governance; economic policies; economic outcomes; Pakistan; good governance

Chapter.  6193 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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