C. Edmund Bosworth

in The Seljuqs

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780748639946
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653294 | DOI:

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This chapter discusses the origins of the Seljuqs. The Seljuqs can be traced back to the Turkish tribe of Oghuz. The chapter also discusses the different sources that point out to the origins of the Seljuqs, with the focus on the Oghuz. It discusses first Sallāmī's History of the Governors of Khurasan which stipulates that the Oghuz migrated to the frontier regions of the land of the Turks to Transoxia during the caliphate of al-Mahdi, wherein they became Muslims, aided the pseudo-prophet al-Muganna against caliphate authorities and finally betrayed him. This Far Eastern origin of these Turks would accordingly be in the region of Mongolia and was assumed to be connected with the Toquz Oghuz, who, were still centred on lands to the east of the Tien Shan adjoining China and Tibet. Within the western steppes of Inner Eurasia, Oghuz expanded its territory from the Irtysh river to the Fringes of Khwarazmia and Transoxia, to the lower and middle Volga. It also discusses the Hudūd al-،ālam which describes the political structure and tribal hierarchy of the Seljuq tribe and the tribal towns of the tribe such as the Jand, Khuvarā and Dih-I Naw. This chapter also discusses semi-legendary accounts of the origins of the Seljuq, the Malik-nāma. According to these accounts, the founder of the family Saljuq b. Duqaq/Togag came to Jand with his followers and became a Muslim. Upon his conversion, he relived the Muslim population of the town of the tribute laid on them by the pagan Yabghu of the Oghuz. This period is marked by the hostility between the Yabghu and the Seljuq. The triumph of Saljuq b. Duqaq's grandsons Toghril Beg and Chaghri Beg marked the rise of the Great Seljuq empire and the end of the Oghuz.

Keywords: origins of Seljuqs; Turkish tribe; Oghuz; Far Eastern origin; Toquz Oghuz; Hudūd al-،ālam; Malik-nāma; Saljuq b. Duqaq; Yabghu

Chapter.  4486 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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