Chapter

KINGSHIP AND IDEOLOGY UNDER THE RUM SELJUQS<sup>*</sup>

Songül Mecit

in The Seljuqs

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780748639946
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653294 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639946.003.0004
KINGSHIP AND IDEOLOGY UNDER THE RUM SELJUQS*

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This chapter provides a short outline of the evolution of the official ideology of the kingship of the Rum Seljuqs. The Rum Seljuq concept of legitimate kingship was formulated for the first time under the fifth Rum Seljuq ruler ،Izz al-Din Kiliç Arslan II and re-formualted and completed under his two grandsons ،Izz al-Din Kay Kāwūs and ،Alā، al-Din Kay Qubādh. The Rum Seljuq ideology of kingship was formulated when the new dynasty became an independent dynasty in Anatolia. It was also formulated to defend the dynasty from Muslim rivals. While the Rum Seljuqs did not commissioned treatises to elaborate their ideology, their kingship was articulated in monumental inscriptions, coinage, diplomacy and literary works. to understand the Rum Seljuq ideology of kingship, the chapter discusses first the formulation of that ideology under the rule of Kiliç Arslan II, when the Rum Sueljuq sultanate was established, and its re-formulation during the rule of his two grandsons, Kay Kāwūs and Kay Qubādh, and the zenith of the power of the sultanate. In this chapter, the ideology of kingship is understood as a set of ideas which a ruler employs to define himself as a sovereign and to legitimize his rule.

Keywords: Rum Seljuqs; ،Izz al-Din Kiliç Arslan II; ،Izz al-Din Kay Kāwūs; ،Alā، al-Din Kay Qubādh; Anatolia; inscriptions; coinage; diplomacy; literary works

Chapter.  7975 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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