Chapter

THE SELJUQS AND THE PUBLIC SPHERE IN THE PERIOD OF SUNNI REVIVALISM: THE VIEW FROM BAGHDAD

Daphna Ephrat

in The Seljuqs

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780748639946
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653294 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639946.003.0008
THE SELJUQS AND THE PUBLIC SPHERE IN THE PERIOD OF SUNNI REVIVALISM: THE VIEW FROM BAGHDAD

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During the period called the Sunni revival (late fifth/eleventh and sixth and twelfth centuries), a mainstream Sunni camp was emerging in the Islamic Near East. In their effort to end the religious ferment of the late classical period, Muslim scholars and others combined to delimit a commonly accepted form of Islam, eliminate sources of conflict within the Islamic community and set up a tone in the public sphere based on the Sunna and the Sharï،a. The process of homogenisation of religious doctrine and practice resulted to institutional and social dimensions. Associations and frameworks were developed to teach the Islamic religions and legal sciences, apply religious law, and harness mainstream Sufism. Four Sunni madhhabs combined as scholarly establishments, as pools for appointments to positions in legal apparatus, and as nuclei of the public sphere. This chapter discusses the Sunnisation process in Seljuq Baghdad. It examines the role played by the Seljuqs in the process of forming the Sunna and consolidating its forms of organisation. It discusses the character and significance of endowments (waaf) made by the members of the ruling class for the benefit of legal scholars, the involvement of the ruling elite in the sphere formed by leaders of Islamic piety and learning, and the nature of their relationships and encounters with those forwarding Sunni revival.

Keywords: Sunni revival; Islam; Sunna; Sharï،a; process of homogenisation; religious doctrine; madhhabs; Sunnisation process; Seljuq Baghdad; waaf

Chapter.  8865 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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