Chapter

Two Crises in the Middle East: Cyprus, 1964 and the Six-Day War, 1967

Jonathan Colman

in The Foreign Policy of Lyndon B. Johnson

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780748640133
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748652693 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640133.003.0007
Two Crises in the Middle East: Cyprus, 1964 and the Six-Day War, 1967

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This chapter considers two crises in the Middle East. During the 1964 crisis, there was the chance that Greece and Turkey, both NATO members, might end up fighting one another over the ethnically divided island of Cyprus. Washington, seeking to put a lid on the crisis, attempted to mediate, and at one point suggested to Ankara that the United States would abandon its NATO commitments to defend a fellow member should Turkey end up in a war with the Soviet Union, which was providing tentative backing for Cyprus under its Greek Cypriot leader. Further south, the United States' relations with Egypt under President Nasser, who was strengthening his ties with Moscow, deteriorated while US bonds with Israel grew closer. Both developments stemmed from intensifying Egyptian hostility towards Israel and were also consistent with Johnson' s pro-Israeli outlook.

Keywords: NATO; Greece; Turkey; Cyprus; United States' relations; Egypt; President Nasser; President Johnson; Israel

Chapter.  11995 words. 

Subjects: US Politics

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