This chapter examines several aspects of American policy in the Western Hemisphere. It explores Johnson's involvement in the Alliance for Progress, a US-sponsored body set up by John F. Kennedy in 1961 to foster political and economic modernisation in Latin America. It also examines the Cuban challenge to the US naval base at Guantánamo early in 1964, at the very outset of Johnson's time in office. Although perceiving the challenge as a test of his mettle, the President dealt with the crisis with proportionality and restraint. The following year fears of communist encroachment led the President to order military intervention in the Dominican Republic, whose government had fallen in a left-wing rebellion. Heightened sensitivities over Cuba meant that his fears of communism gaining a foothold were exaggerated, although not wholly far-fetched.
Keywords: Western Hemisphere; American policy; Alliance for Progress; Guantá; John Kennedy; Cuba
Chapter. 10504 words.
Subjects: US Politics
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