Chapter

Classical Era of <i>Ijtihad</i>, 632–875

Khan L. Ali and M. Ramadan Hisham

in Contemporary Ijtihad

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780748641284
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641284.003.0001
Classical Era of Ijtihad, 632–875

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This chapter discusses the classical era of ijtihad (632–875), a period marked by impressive jurisprudential research and creativity. This classical period emphasises the inherently dynamic and diverse nature of the Islamic law, and also demonstrates that God's law animates the physical universe and systems of knowledge on a daily basis. It is also closely related to, but distinguished from, the period of prophecy during which the Qur'an and the Prophet's Sunnah was delivered, and is furthermore a period marked by the emergence of five madhabs. In this chapter, the discussions focus on: the Basic Code; the classical fiqh; and centuries of taqlid.

Keywords: ijtihad; classical period; Islamic law; period of prophecy; Qur'an; Sunnah; Basic Code; classical fiqh; taqlid

Chapter.  13693 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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