Introduction to the <i>Treatise of Hatim</i>

Lloyd Ridgeon

in Jawanmardi

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780748641826
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653249 | DOI:
Introduction to the Treatise of Hatim

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This chapter discusses the Treatise of Hatim. Hatim Ta،i lived just prior to the advent of Islam. Known for his kindness and futawwa, he was often immortalised by poets and the literati, and stories about him appeared in the early period of Islamic history, such as in the Aghani. His fame became much more widespread as the Persians began to compose in Farsi, and he was mentioned frequently in the writings of Rumi, Sa،di, and Awfi. The significance of futuwwat in Persian-speaking lands from the eleventh century onwards resulted in the figure of Hatim assuming increasing importance as a means to promote the ethic. This is evident in the inclusion of anecdotes related to Hatim in futuwwat namas, which were composed for members of organised Sufi-futawwat associations; yet it seems that the ideal of generosity, munificence, and kindness was one that appealed to the ruling classes too. This is more evident than in the Treatise of Hatim, the work translated here in the third section, which was composed by Husayn Wa،iz Kashifi in 1486.

Keywords: Treatise of Hatim; Hatim Ta،i; futuwwat; Kashifi; Sufi -futawwat

Chapter.  4607 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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