Rentierism, Dependency and Sovereignty in Central Asia

Wojciech Ostrowski

in Sovereignty After Empire

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print July 2011 | ISBN: 9780748643042
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780748653270 | DOI:
Rentierism, Dependency and Sovereignty in Central Asia

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Twenty years after becoming independent states, all five Central Asian republics can be broadly characterized as either rentier or semi/quasirentier states. The ‘classic’ rentier states — Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan — rely on rent (wealth) derived directly from the sale of oil and gas. Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan rely on rent from a combination of indirect taxation on labour remittances from Kazakhstan and Russia, international aid, the leasing of access to their territory and the drug trade. Uzbekistan, relying heavily on the sale of cotton, gold and gas on the international market, along with labour remittances and to a lesser degree leasing access to territory, falls somewhere in between. This chapter examines dependency and rentierism in Central Asia and how rent has a far-reaching impact on these countries' foreign policy, their relationship with Russia and state sovereignty.

Keywords: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; foreign policy; Russia; state sovereignty

Chapter.  9395 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture

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