Challenges to Multilateralism and the Return of British Suspicions (Autumn 1942 to Spring 1943)

Thomas C. Mills

in Post-War Planning on the Periphery

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780748643882
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780748676699 | DOI:
Challenges to Multilateralism and the Return of British Suspicions (Autumn 1942 to Spring 1943)

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Throughout the autumn of 1942 and into the spring of 1943 it became clear that, notwithstanding the efforts of internationalists to promote multilateralism in Latin America, there remained powerful forces within the US which posed a direct challenge to this goal. This challenge to multilateralism in South America came from Latin Americanists within the State Department, temporary government agencies and US business interests in the region. Cumulatively, these groups represented a parochial faction within the US, focused on Latin America, and largely impervious to how this region related to broader global issues of post-war planning. As a result, the policies pursued by these groups threatened to exclude British interests from South America. This chapter therefore shows that the promotion of multilateralism in Latin America that had been attempted by internationalists was continually undermined by the persistence of forces with different imperatives. As British officials observed these tendencies, any optimism that the efforts of US internationalists would protect British interests and engender cooperation between the two countries in Latin America soon evaporated. British suspicions of being excluded from South America, which had been partially allayed by internationalists in the State Department, were therefore quickly re-ignited.

Keywords: Britain; Latin Americanists; multilateralism; internationalists; South America; State Department; US

Chapter.  9579 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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