Chapter

Outlining the Global Duties of Justice Owed to Women Living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

Angela Kaida and Patti Tamara Lenard

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780748646920
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780748676682 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0008
Outlining the Global Duties of Justice Owed to Women Living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

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We argue that cosmopolitan principles, as applied to the case of women living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa, show why it is that wealthy nations bear responsibility for remedying the conditions under which this epidemic is permitted to persist. We begin with an account of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa and we justify our particular focus on the struggles women face in this region. We then spend the bulk of the chapter refuting the three main reasons given to justify ignoring this specific health inequity: 1) wealthy nations do not have the resources with which to make a difference; 2) wealthy nations are not responsible for the havoc wreaked by the disease; and 3) the mechanism by which HIV is transmitted is well-known, and therefore that those who contract the disease are by and large victims of bad choices (rather than bad luck), and therefore that the responsibility that wealthy nations might have to remedy gross health inequities is mitigated in this case. All three of these reasons are intended to deny the responsibility that wealthy nations have to remedy the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa; our general project is to show that in fact responsibility does fall to those who are able to offer aid in this case. Over the course of this discussion, we consider how responsibility should be assigned under non-ideal conditions.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS; cosmopolitanism; responsibility; non-ideal conditions; women

Chapter.  6416 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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