Chapter

Exploring A Sufficiency View of Health Equity<sup>1</sup>

Yukiko Asada

in Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Published by Edinburgh University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780748646920
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780748676682 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646920.003.0010
Exploring A Sufficiency View of Health Equity1

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To determine which health inequalities are morally problematic – inequitable –, most serious philosophical investigation, to date, has focused on causes of health inequalities. An underlying premise in such investigation is that health inequalities due to all causes are not of moral concern – only those due to certain factors are. This chapter explores an alternative approach to defining health inequity. It proposes a sufficiency view of health equity that states, briefly, society should be concerned about whether each person satisfies a sufficient level of health regardless of cause. In addition, using poverty analysis as a methodological foundation, this chapter demonstrates how the proposed sufficiency view of health equity can be used as a basis for empirical analysis. It argues that a sufficiency view of health can supplement, rather than replace, current health inequity perspectives and analyses. This is because people with myriad differing perspectives of health inequity would still find the information on insufficient health useful just as the information on poverty and income inequality enriches each other and co-exists side by side in the sphere of income distribution.

Keywords: Capabilities approach; Health inequality; health inequity; poverty analysis; sufficiency

Chapter.  6582 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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