Jenkins’ Motion Pictures

Donald G. Godfrey

in C. Francis Jenkins, Pioneer of Film and Television

Published by University of Illinois Press

Published in print April 2014 | ISBN: 9780252038280
Published online April 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780252096150 | DOI:
Jenkins’ Motion Pictures

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This chapter examines C. Francis Jenkins' photographic inventions that he used to demonstrate motion pictures in a variety of applications. Despite losing in the early battle with Thomas J. Armat, Jenkins declared himself the inventor of the motion-picture projector. With the Phantoscope, he ventured into home and educational use. He would travel west, filming a Hopi Snake Dance, teach photographic expression, and invent fireproof protections for the projector. This chapter first provides an overview of Jenkins' first Phantoscopes and the patents he obtained for them before turning to his demonstrations of the use of motion pictures at home and in science. It then recounts Jenkins' use of his motion-picture camera to film the Hopi tribe in northeastern Arizona performing the Snake Dance. It also discusses the Jenkins Phantoscope Company's manufacturing of Phantoscopes for educational household use, along with Jenkins' other inventions such as the Marveloscope and a high-speed camera. Finally, the chapter considers Jenkins' promotion of the use of photography in education by teaching photographic expression.

Keywords: inventions; C. Francis Jenkins; motion pictures; motion-picture projector; Phantoscope; Hopi Snake Dance; high-speed camera; patents; motion-picture camera; Marveloscope

Chapter.  6354 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Film

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