Chapter

System and Form

Bruce Clarke

in Posthuman Metamorphosis

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print April 2008 | ISBN: 9780823228508
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823240999 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823228508.003.0004
System and Form

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Luhmann's systems theory poses the challenge of maintaining a rigorous insistence on operational closure of individual systems while also accounting for their operational integration with other systems. Neocybernetics observation privileges differences over unities. Michel Serres has remarked how every historical era is multitemporal and how they simultaneously drawing from obsolete, contemporary, and the futuristic. In a positive set of differences, system theory comes to a narrative at the level of systems and forms. The systems level is divided into psychic and social references, interpenetrated by the medium of meaning. One attends to the reticulations of operational closure and environmental contingency that involve self-reference, reproduction, and evolution of literary systems which are considered as subsystems in the autopoiesis of social systems.

Keywords: systems theory; social systems; neocybernetics; literary systems; self-reference; reproduction; form; Luhmann

Chapter.  11403 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies

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