Chapter

Hungary Between the Wars

Deborah S. Cornelius

in Hungary in World War II

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780823233434
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780823241767 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.003.0003

Series: World War II: The Global, Human, and Ethical Dimension

Hungary Between the Wars

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The truncated Hungarian state had become the smallest country in Central Europe, cut off from the sea and the outside world, surrounded by antagonistic neighbor states. Despite domestic turmoil, a strong rightist movement, a flood of refugees, and desperate economic situation, the rule of law was re-established with a regent and conservative parliamentary system. By 1926 the government and economy had been stabilized. An agricultural country, Hungary was hit hard by the depression and the government searched for more radical solutions. The change in the political atmosphere by the late 1930s strengthened the turn to the right after a movement to reform the social and economic conditions of the peasantry by leftist reformers failed. The radical right looked to Italian and German models for reform.

Keywords: refugees; neighbor states; regent; depression; leftist reformers; radical right

Chapter.  14219 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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