Chapter

The Last Year of European Peace

Deborah S. Cornelius

in Hungary in World War II

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780823233434
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780823241767 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.003.0004

Series: World War II: The Global, Human, and Ethical Dimension

The Last Year of European Peace

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The last year of European peace, 1938, was a year of turmoil for the Hungarians, ranging from panic over the German Anschluss (annexation) of Austria, pride in hosting the International Eucharistic Congress of the Catholic church, to jubilation with the recovery of part of northern Hungary. The Anschluss gave a tremendous surge to the extreme-right, and the increasing strength of the rightist parties led to the passage of Jewish laws, which caused considerable hardship and humiliation for most Hungarian Jews. With the military threat from neighboring countries Hungary began to build up its military which had been limited by the Trianon treaty. Yet Hungary was not prepared to fight in 1938 when Hitler urged their participation in an invasion of Czechoslovia. Despite Hitler's anger following the Munich Agreement, the so-called first Vienna Award returned part of the former northern Hungary from Czechoslovakia.

Keywords: Anschluss; Eucharistic Congress; Jewish laws; Munich Agreement; Vienna Award

Chapter.  15076 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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