Chapter

Clinging to Neutrality

Deborah S. Cornelius

in Hungary in World War II

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780823233434
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780823241767 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.003.0005

Series: World War II: The Global, Human, and Ethical Dimension

Clinging to Neutrality

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During the two years 1939 to 1941 under the ministry of Count Pál Teleki the Hungarian government faced increasing pressure, both external and internal, to join forces with Germany. The Germans increased their economic demands, the population was in a frenzy to reclaim all the lost territories, and elections in May 1939 resulted in a major victory for the extreme Right. German pressure increased as Hitler occupied Czechoslovakia, invaded Poland, and won stunning victories in the West. German assistance enabled Hungary to reclaim the territory of Ruthenia and northern Transylvania in the second Vienna Award. Still, Teleki maintained the policy of neutrality, even admitting an estimated 140,000 Polish refugees into the country. But in April 1941, with the German decision to invade Yugoslavia, neutrality was no longer possible. Hungarian troops joined in the invasion of northern Yugoslavia, leading to Teleki's suicide.

Keywords: neutrality; Polish refugees; Ruthenia; second Vienna Award; Teleki; Yugoslavia

Chapter.  19430 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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