Chapter

German Occupation

Deborah S. Cornelius

in Hungary in World War II

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print January 2011 | ISBN: 9780823233434
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780823241767 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.003.0009

Series: World War II: The Global, Human, and Ethical Dimension

German Occupation

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When German troops occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944, there was virtually no resistance. The rightist government formed under the regent gave the appearance of legality, although members of the opposition were immediately arrested and officials loyal to Horthy replaced by those loyal to the Germans. The Germans intended total exploitation of Hungary's economic resources and deportation of all Hungarian Jews, and they carried out in an amazingly short time. Only Jews in Budapest were spared when deportations were halted in early July. With the rapid advance of Soviet troops and Romania's defection, Horthy sent a secret delegation to negotiate an armistice with the Soviets. His “bail-out” failed, partly because the Germans learned of the impending armistice, but also because the military remained loyal to their German allies. The government was replaced by the rightist Arrow Cross government under Ferenc Szálasi.

Keywords: economic exploitation; Jewish deportations; Romania; armistice; Arrow Cross; Szálasi

Chapter.  24643 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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