Chapter

/ Silent Subjectivities: Testimony and Haitian Labor Refugees

April Shemak

in Asylum Speakers

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780823233557
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823241194 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823233557.003.0004

Series: American Literatures Initiative

/ Silent Subjectivities: Testimony and Haitian Labor Refugees

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Noting the most recent effects of globalization and U.S. policy on the Haitian economy, Alex Dupuy explains the “politicization of economic reforms occurred in the late 1980s under the aegis of what became known as the ‘Washington Consensus’” that involved “‘neoliberal’ or ‘structural adjustment’ reforms adopted by the World Bank.” The results have been disastrous for Haiti because, although these economic reforms were “ostensibly designed to alleviate poverty by stimulating sustainable economic growth, the policies of the bank and the other international financial institutions in fact maintained Haiti's position in the international division of labor as a supplier of cheap labor to foreign capital.”

Keywords: cheap labor; World Bank; neoliberal reforms; economic reforms; Haiti

Chapter.  19658 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (20th Century onwards)

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