Chapter

Negro Troops in Battle—Department of the South (1862–1865)

George Washington Williams

in A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780823233854
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780823240807 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823233854.003.0009

Series: The North's Civil War (FUP)

Negro Troops in Battle—Department of the South (1862–1865)

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South Carolina had set the other States a dangerous example in its attempts at nullification under President Andrew Jackson's administration, and was not only first in seceding, but fired the first shot of the slave-holders' rebellion against the laws and authority of the United States government. It was eminently fitting, then, that the first shot fired at slavery by Negro soldiers should be aimed by the ex-slaves of the haughty South Carolina rebels. It was poetic justice that South Carolina Negroes should have the priority of obtaining the Union uniform, and enjoy the distinction of being the first Negro soldiers to encounter the enemy in battle. And the honor belongs to Massachusetts in furnishing a graduate of Harvard College, Thomas Wentworth Higginson, as the first colonel to lead the First South Carolina Negro Regiment of Volunteers.

Keywords: South Carolina; Negro soldiers; Andrew Jackson; nullification; rebellion; slavery; Negroes; Union; Massachusetts; Thomas Wentworth Higginson

Chapter.  10296 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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