Chapter

The Army of the Potomac (1864)

George Washington Williams

in A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780823233854
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780823240807 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823233854.003.0011

Series: The North's Civil War (FUP)

The Army of the Potomac (1864)

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Virginia, the mother of Presidents, was the mother of slavery, and within the limits of this ancient commonwealth the principal battles of the War of the Rebellion were fought. After the Mississippi had been opened to the Gulf, the next most important military move was the reduction of Petersburg. General George B. McClellan had menaced the Confederate capital with a splendid army in 1862, but most of the veterans had returned home or had gone into other Departments. By the spring of 1864, a numerous force of Negro soldiers had been added to this army, and an active and brilliant military career opened up to them. On April, 7, 1864, General A. E. Burnside, at the head of the Ninth Army Corps, crossed the Potomac and joined General George G. Meade's army. This corps contained the majority of Negro troops who had thus far made their appearance in the Army of the Potomac, while later on, the Army of the James contained, first, a full division, and subsequently, an entire army corps of such troops.

Keywords: Virginia; army; Potomac; Negro soldiers; War of Rebellion; George B. McClellan; A. E. Burnside; George G. Meade; Army of James

Chapter.  8718 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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