Harlem, 1884–1906

William Seraile

in Angels of Mercy

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780823234196
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823240838 | DOI:

Series: Empire State Editions

Harlem, 1884–1906

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The first half of 1884 was a busy period in the life of the Colored Orphan Asylum (COA). Despite its early intent to care specifically for orphans, the institution now had more half-orphans and destitute or neglected children than orphans. To better reflect the mission of an institution that also admitted children sent by magistrates for delinquency, a new name was in order. Consequently, the Association for the Benefit of Colored Orphans in the City of New York became, effective on July 1, 1884, the COA and Association for the Benefit of Colored Children. The task of finishing the building, a duty that had eluded the managers for nearly two decades, was greatly aided by the $10,225 legacy of Samuel Willets and the sale of railroad bonds. The institution reached a milestone at the end of 1885 and a few fortunate ones were sent to Hampton Normal Institute in Virginia.

Keywords: orphans; half-orphans; delinquency; Colored Orphan Asylum; Samuel Willets; Hampton Normal Institute

Chapter.  8717 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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