Chapter

New Start In Riverdale, 1907–22

William Seraile

in Angels of Mercy

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780823234196
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823240838 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823234196.003.0007

Series: Empire State Editions

New Start In Riverdale, 1907–22

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The Colored Orphan Asylum (COA) trustees were determined that their new home in Riverdale would be modeled on the cottage system, which was then in vogue. The New York Juvenile Asylum had embraced the cottage system in 1897 as a way to enforce discipline and “to stimulate the intimacy of family life.” The Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Orphan Asylum in nearby Westchester County, New York, preferred young cottage mothers who had pedagogical training or kindergarten training. The Carson and Ellis College in Philadelphia provided white girls with a complete unit of family life, with kitchen, dining room, and common room. However, not all agreed that the housemothers should be African Americans. Mrs. J. L. Chapin questioned the advisability of employing black housemothers. Despite the initial inconveniences, at the end of 1907 the ladies were pleased with the cottage system, which represented a return to the early days of the asylum and its emphasis on a closely knit home environment.

Keywords: Riverdale; cottage system; New York Juvenile Asylum; Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Orphan Asylum; Carson and Ellis College; housemothers; African Americans; J. L. Chapin; Colored Orphan Asylum

Chapter.  14176 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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