Chapter

Riverdale: Trials and Tribulations, 1923–36

William Seraile

in Angels of Mercy

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780823234196
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823240838 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823234196.003.0008

Series: Empire State Editions

Riverdale: Trials and Tribulations, 1923–36

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The beginning of 1923 found the Colored Orphan Asylum in a financial crunch, an all-too-familiar situation. The boarding-out report for 1923 acknowledged both progress and problems. The boarding-out program had commenced in 1918, in Jamaica, Queens, with African American families who lived in frame houses with six rooms and a bath. Now, five years later, there were forty-four boarding homes on tree-lined suburban streets in South Jamaica. All the locations were in the western Long Island portion of New York City, close enough to be monitored by the asylum yet far enough from the crowded tenements of Harlem and its crime and temptations. The trustees had to search for more ways to educate and entertain their charges, as they kept admitting more neglected and dependent children. They were the first institution that the courts or the State Board of Charities called upon to admit African American children.

Keywords: Colored Orphan Asylum; boarding-out report; boarding-out program; Jamaica; New York City; Harlem; trustees; State Board of Charities; African American children

Chapter.  6879 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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