Chapter

Background

Paul Thom

in The Logic of the Trinity

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780823234769
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780823240746 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823234769.003.0001

Series: Medieval Philosophy: Texts and Studies

Background

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The doctrine of the Holy Trinity as it appears in the early Church Councils has a dual heritage – in Greek philosophy and in Christian thought. From the Platonists and NeoPlatonists came the notion of a Form, and the notion of a being that exemplifies itself (e.g. The One of Plotinus). From Aristotle came the contrast between the categories of Substance and Relative. This philosophical legacy was combined with Christian notions whose home was in the polemics surrounding heresies such as those of Arius and Sabellius. The theoretical notions that constitute this whole conceptual field are presented in a logic that characterizes a domain whose elements are connected through abstraction, correlativity, substantial predication. The major accounts of the Trinity are based on this logic, making adjustments to it for a variety of theological or philosophical reasons.

Keywords: Arius; Categories; Church Council; Forms; One; Relative; Sabellius; Substance

Chapter.  6491 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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