Chapter

Bonaventure

Paul Thom

in The Logic of the Trinity

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780823234769
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780823240746 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823234769.003.0007

Series: Medieval Philosophy: Texts and Studies

Bonaventure

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Bonaventure's commentary on the Sentences responds to the agenda laid down by the Lombard, supplying philosophical underpinnings for some of the sanctioned doctrines identified by the Lombard. Bonaventure construes the identification of God with divinity as exemplifying the fact that in the Godhead the abstract is not prior to the concrete but is really identical with it even though it is conceptually distinct. The Personal properties are the Persons, but, because of their relativities they are also somehow really distinct from the Persons, and this difference determines the differences among the Persons. Bonaventure posits that the relations within the Godhead have a double aspect: they are distinct relations, but they are a single substance, viz. the divine essence. The logic of the Categories is modified so as to include representations of all these claims. According to Bonaventure, there is only one substance in the Godhead, and it is identical not only with God but also with divinity and the divine attributes. It is also identical with the divine relation understood substantially. Understood relatively, the divine relations are identical with the Persons.

Keywords: Abstract; Concrete; Divinity; Persons; Properties; Relative; Substance

Chapter.  5161 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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