Chapter

Below the Bar: The U.S. Army and Limited Service Manpower

Sanders Marble

in Scraping the Barrel

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780823239771
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780823239818 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823239771.003.0007
Below the Bar: The U.S. Army and Limited Service Manpower

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During World War I, the US had to quickly mobilize an army. Rather than demanding full physical fitness, it started accepting men with job skills, and tacitly accepted that the army was an industrial organization. WWI ended too quickly for the full implications to be felt, and the system was kept ‘on the shelf’ between the world wars. During WWII the system failed. It had only two categories (General Service and Limited Service) that did not reflect all the gradations of jobs. The US Army replaced Limited Service with a graded system based on physical ability.

Keywords: World War I; World War II; US Army; Physical standards; Psychiatry; Intelligence testing; Conscription

Chapter.  7617 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Military History

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