Chapter

A Village Called Süssen

Gilya Gerda Schmidt

in Süssen Is Now Free of Jews

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780823243297
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780823243334 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fordham/9780823243297.003.0003

Series: World War II: The Global, Human, and Ethical Dimension (FUP)

A Village Called Süssen

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A 1071 document for the first time mentions a place called suezza, meaning wooded grazing land. In the Middle Ages, the village of Süssen also had its own local nobility, but they soon disappeared again. Because of the fragmented ownership of local properties, the village was split into Gross-Süssen and Klein-Süssen in 1290. Gross-Süssen especially was known as a rich farming community. Unfortunately the region experienced a history of conflict because of wars that were of little consequence to this area. French generals, the Austrian emperor, and even Napoleon used the valley of the Fils where Süssen is located as pantry for their troops; they impoverished both parts of Süssen by depleting their crops and their financial resources. The coming of the railroad in 1847 furthered industrialization in the area. Especially Klein-Süssen benefited from two businesses that chose to locate there – the Kunze pipe works and the Ottenheimer Brothers weaving business. Politically Süssen aligned itself with the Nazis immediately. The city council hardly needed to be purged of undesirable members, only the two mayors were deposed and replaced by a party member. One of the first orders of business was the unification of the two Süssens into one.

Keywords: Süssen; 1290 split of village; a history of conflict; farming community; railroad and industrialization; unification under the Nazis

Chapter.  6576 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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