Chapter

Kant's Rational Formalism

Peter H. Spader

in Scheler's Ethical Personalism

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print May 2002 | ISBN: 9780823221776
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235629 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823221776.003.0002

Series: Perspectives in Continental Philosophy

Kant's Rational Formalism

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The Kant of the Critiques believed that it was reason and not feeling which gives us access to secure moral direction and that we moral beings are purely rational persons. However, Kant's ethical position seeks for the realization that as purely rational beings we should inhabit a world separate from contingency and the uncertainty of the empirical world of the senses instead of a world of freedom in which a human person can have a free will. Kant also develops his idea of “ends” where he identifies the determinant of the rational will between subjective and objective ends. On the other hand Scheler reacted that we must remember ethics not just simply as a theoretical pursuit, instead it helps us to understand and resolve moral problems in which our heart sees both positive and negative values as seen through a complex set of “feelings”.

Keywords: reason; rational; contingency; empirical world; freedom; ethics

Chapter.  10131 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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