Chapter

Aristotle

William J. Richardson

in Heidegger

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print January 1993 | ISBN: 9780823222551
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235247 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823222551.003.0010

Series: Perspectives in Continental Philosophy

Aristotle

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For Heidegger, Aristotle's Physics is a work of cardinal importance not only because it serves as the fundamental book of subsequent philosophy in the West, but also because it is a consummation of all previous Greek thought. Of important significance is the conception of φύσιζ. In the first sense, it is interpreted in terms of beings-in-the-ensemble. In this case it is similar to the earlier conception in Heraclitus as Being itself. In the second sense, it “is inclined to conceal itself”. Aristotle's understanding of φύσιζ is a clear transition between the conception of the early Greek thinkers and that of subsequent metaphysics. During the Middle Ages, Aristotle's ̓ενέργια, which has traces of the original experience of Being as non-concealment, was translated by the Latin actus or actualitas. Thus the Aristotelian sense of ̓ενέργια was completely lost.

Keywords: Aristotle; Greek thought; Heraclitus; metaphysics

Chapter.  4587 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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