Chapter

Descartes

William J. Richardson

in Heidegger

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print January 1993 | ISBN: 9780823222551
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235247 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823222551.003.0011

Series: Perspectives in Continental Philosophy

Descartes

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With the advent of modern times, the conception of both thought and Being is largely influenced by the conception of truth. For Descartes, truth is more than simply conformity between knower and known; it is a known conformity. This chapter discusses the origin and consequences of subject-ism; and Post-Cartesian subject-ism. It offers three propositions on how the philosophy of subject-ism was triggered. It holds that in Descartes' effort to discover the fundamentum, he seeks to determine the primary subject of certitude for the modern man. This was accomplished with cogito ergo sum, and the subject, as consciousness, determined the Being of beings. With the rise of subject-ism, man becomes the point of reference in terms of which beings have sense and meaning, giving birth to philosophical anthropology.

Keywords: subject-ism; fundamentum; cogito; philosophical anthropology; Descartes; certitude

Chapter.  3804 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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