Chapter

Georges Dumézil

Richard Kearney

in Debates in Continental Philosophy

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780823223176
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235155 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823223176.003.0004

Series: Perspectives in Continental Philosophy

Georges Dumézil

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Georges Dumézil's work is primarily linguistic, or, to be more precise, philosophical. That is, the classification and interpretation of ancient myths in terms of textual structures or types. His first concern was to discover what the earliest texts of the various Indo-European civilizations might have in common, what similarities of function might exist in different mythic or religious orders to suggest a shared source. Eventually, he discerned the “Ideology of the Three Functions”—Sovereignty, Force, and Fecundity—firstly in texts representative of diverse layers of Vedic, Germanic, and Roman civilization. This led Dumézil to ascertain that there existed a specific conception of the three functions in all of the Indo-European cultures from India to Ireland. In short, philology enabled him to posit the existence of an underlying Indo-European ideology.

Keywords: Georges Dumézil; ancient myths; textual structures; Indo-European civilizations; philology; Indo-European ideology; Sovereignty; Force; Fecundity

Chapter.  3346 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy

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