Martin Heidegger's thinking, from the beginning, anticipates a turn to poetic language and to Friedrich Hölderlin. Although Heidegger became seriously occupied with Hölderlin in his writings and lectures in the 1930s, he had read him decades earlier, even before the publication of Hellingrath's edition of Hölderlin's collected works, which began to appear in 1916. For Heidegger, what arrives in the wake of philosophy's end is above all the demand to requestion the meaning of language—of that which makes everyone human; for everyone is endowed with language, the site of transcendence, wherein beings can appear in their Being. Poetic language has been an incipient source for the critique and self-address of philosophy since Plato banned the poets from the polis and Aristotle relativized this expulsion by granting poetry a philosophical, cathartic social function.
Keywords: Martin Heidegger; poetic language; transcendence; social function; thinking; philosophy
Chapter. 10881 words.
Subjects: Philosophy of Language
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