“No Foreign Ecclesiastical Authority”

Jason K. Duncan

in Citizens or Papists?

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9780823225125
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823236930 | DOI:

Series: Hudson Valley Heritage

“No Foreign             Ecclesiastical Authority”

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This chapter focuses on the status of New York Catholics as citizens in the new republic. A group of Federalists emerged as the lay leaders of St. Peter's Church in the 1780s. These included foreign diplomats such as Don Diego de Gardoqui; his king, Charles III of Spain, extended his generosity to New York Catholics to help establish a Catholic presence in the capital of the United States. While Catholics were understandably grateful for this assistance, the visible royal presence at the early public Catholic ceremonies in New York City highlighted the unique and potentially troublesome position of Catholics in the new republic. A long-persecuted religious minority in New York, they were now easily the church with the strongest connections to Europe. Although no individual Catholic was a major figure in New York politics, there were several prominent Catholics nationwide, all of whom were Federalists.

Keywords: New York politics; New York; citizenship; new republic; St Peter's Church; Don Diego de Gardoqui; Federalists; Catholics

Chapter.  9184 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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