Chapter

Exemplary Individuals

Edith Wyschogrod

in Crossover Queries

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print June 2006 | ISBN: 9780823226061
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823235148 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823226061.003.0018

Series: Perspectives in Continental Philosophy

Exemplary Individuals

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Using the phenomenological strategies of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Emmanuel Levinas, this chapter describes how the conditions of embodied existence make carnal generality possible. It then turns to paradigmatic lives both within and outside of recognized religious traditions and shows how such lives function as carnal generals. It also examines some competing claims that might mistakenly be thought to resemble this—Nelson Goodman's view that an account of samples can serve to show how conduct is exemplary, and Alasdair MacIntyre's contention that a community's consensus about what moral properties are to be prized, what are to count as virtues, can serve as the ground for resolving ethical disputes. It then suggests reasons for preferring a phenomenological account of exemplary lives.

Keywords: Maurice Merleau-Ponty; Emmanuel Levinas; paradigmatic lives; carnal generality; Nelson Goodman; Alasdair MacIntyre; virtues; exemplary lives

Chapter.  7422 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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