Chapter

German Americans, Know Nothings, and the Outbreak of the War

Christian B. Keller

in Chancellorsville and the Germans

Published by Fordham University Press

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780823226504
Published online March 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780823234899 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5422/fso/9780823226504.003.0002

Series: The North's Civil War

German Americans, Know Nothings, and the             Outbreak of the War

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The most significant reason Chancellorsville later became so important for German Americans had to do with a pre-Civil War sociopolitical movement called the “Know Nothing” or “American” Party. This nativistic, anti-immigrant group of Anglo Americans strove to curtail immigrant voting rights, attacked immigrant religion and culture—especially German and Irish beer, whiskey, and Catholicism. It blamed those groups for fomenting crime, and urged quick assimilation of immigrants into the mainstream of American life. Although the Know Nothings were themselves a party created mainly out of irrational xenophobia, they represented a powerful and deep-set impulse within American society that inherently distrusted the foreigner and associated with him much that was perceived as negative in nineteenth-century American life: unemployment, lethargy, immorality, and Romanism. Although ninety percent of German Americans lived in the north, they divided sharply between the Democratic and Republican Party based in part on which organization they perceived offered the most protection from nativism.

Keywords: Chancellorsville; German Americans; Know Nothings; Anglo Americans; slavery; nativism; xenophobia; immigrants

Chapter.  6272 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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